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[Beijing Forum] Sub-Forum “Knowledge Dissemination & Mutual Learning among World Civilization" held

NOV . 16 2021
Peking University, November 16, 2021: On the morning of November 7, 2021, Beijing Forum 2021 sub-forum “Knowledge Dissemination and Mutual Learning among World Civilization” was held online by PKU School of Foreign Languages. 17 scholars from China, Japan, the Philippines, Mongolia, South Africa, Senegal and other countries attended the meeting and delivered speeches. More than 300 participants at home and abroad were involved in the discussion and conducted in-depth exchanges on relevant topics.

The first session of the sub-forum was themed "the Spread and Exchange of Buddhism in Asia", and was chaired by Prof. Chen Ming from PKU School of Foreign Languages. Prof. Chen Ming, Prof. Saerji, and Prof. Ye Shaoyong from PKU School of Foreign Languages respectively offered presentations on the cross-cultural spread of Buddhism in pre-modern Asia, discussing the collision, exchange and integration of many different cultures in Asian civilization through Buddhist stories, Buddhist images and rare Sanskrit manuscripts.
First session

The second session, under the theme of "East-West Communication and Translation", was chaired by Sun Jianjun, associate professor from PKU School of Foreign Languages. Prof. Wong Wang Chi from the Chinese University of Hong Kong revealed the hidden story behind Macartney’s gift list during his mission to China in 1793. Prof. Fang Weigui from Beijing Normal University addressed the origins of the Chinese translation of the English word “economics”. Prof. Shen Guowei of Kansai University reported the different roles played by the translation of Eastern and Western books in the construction of modern disciplines. Prof. Chen Liwei of Seijou University  delivered a speech on Japanese translation preference for foreign history books.
Second session

The theme of the third session was "Mutual Learning between Iberian Cultural Circle and Asian Civilization". Gao Bo, Yu Shiyang and Wang Yuan, Ph.D. students from PKU spoke on the figurative relationship between the symbol of the snake and the Ming dynasty’s imperial power from the perspective of 16th century Europe. They also talked about the preservation of ancient Chinese books in Spain as well as the concept of time and space in the early exchanges between China and Portugal.
Third session

The fourth session, under the theme of "Work Together, Live in Harmony and Promote the Community of Shared Future for Mankind ", was chaired by Prof. Wang Hao from PKU School of Foreign Languages. Prof. Michael M. Coroza from Ateneo de Manila University highlighted the development of the languages in the Philippines during the last century in comparison to English. Associate Prof. Shagdarsuren Egshig from the National University of Mongolia expressed that mobility in Mongolian nomadic culture plays a role in improving rural living conditions and increasing employment rate. Associate Prof. Sodnomdorj Yanjinsuren, also from the National University of Mongolia, introduced the main results of the national population, housing census and attitude towards Mongolia’s new religious movement in 2020. Prof. Abdourahmane Seck from Gaston Berger  University spoke about African scholars in the international academic cooperation system and pointed out the importance for Africa to rebuild self-awareness. Prof. Shadreck Chirikure from the University of Cape Town focused on the interaction between ancient Southern Africa and China, and showed the existing archaeological evidence in Southern Africa, indicating that there was direct and indirect contact between the Far East and Southern Africa.
Fourth session
Written by: Fu Jiaqi
Edited by: June Tan Rui Min
Source: PKU News (